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经典解析提高英语战力1000(No.96)

2023-03-02 14:16:27 77

摘要:96. After the long journey, the three of them went back home, hungry and tired. 长途旅行之后,他们三人又饿又累地回家了。这里的hungry and tired,...


96. After the long journey, the three of them went back home, hungry and tired. 长途旅行之后,他们三人又饿又累地回家了。

这里的hungry and tired,是形容词作结果状语。



状语多数情况下由副词、介词短语及非谓语动词(现在分词、过去分词及不定式等)充当。形容词直接作状语的情况相对比较少见。

形容词作状语,通常是用于说明主语的情况,表示主语的状态、性质,特征等。此时,形容词可位于句首、句末和句中,通常和句子其他部分用逗号分开,但单个形容词可以连在一起。
作状语的形容词或短语在句中也可以用来补充说明句子中的主语、宾语、谓语或整个句子的内容,表示时间、原因、让步、结果、伴随状态、方式或评注等状语等。

1.作原因状语
Weary and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right.
由于疲惫和失望,我似乎什么都干不好。
此句相当于:Because I was weary and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right.

Full of enthusiasm, they make great progress each day. 他们充满热情,每天进展神速。(原因状语)
Poor,he couldn"t afford a TV set. (形容词做原因状语)

Ill, I stayed at home(形容词做原因状语)

Modest and easy-going, she soon put everyone at ease.

她谦逊、开朗,使大家很快就一点也不紧张了。


2. 作时间状语
Ripe, these apples are sweet. 熟了的时候这些苹果很甜。
此句相当于:When these apples are ripe, they are sweet.

He got married very young. 他很年轻就结了婚。(方式或时间状语)

3.作条件状语

Fresh from the oven, rolls are delicious.

面包卷如果是刚出炉的,是很香的。

此句相当于:If they are fresh the oven, rolls are delicious.

4.作方式状语
The horses are running wild all over the field. 这些马正在原野上狂奔。
此句相当于:The horses are running fast all over the field as if they are wild.

She gazed at him, silent for a moment. 她疑视着他,沉默了片刻。(方式状语)

Brave and strong,the activists talked to workers outside the factory. 这些活动人士勇敢而坚强地与工厂外的工人交谈。

Helpless,we watched the house being destroyed before our eyes.无奈之下,我们眼睁睁地看着房子被毁。

We watched the houses being destroyed by the storm, helpless.

我们看着房子正在被暴风雨摧毁,无能为力.

She returned to work,unhappy.她不高兴地回去工作了。

Nervous, she tore open the letter. 她紧张地撕开了信。

He went to bed cold and hungry. 他又冷又饿地上床睡了。(方式状语)

He got married very young. 他很年轻就结了婚。(方式或时间状语)


He walked in the wind,cold and hungry. 他在风中走着,又冷又饿。(方式或伴随状语)

5.作伴随性状语
They started the experiment, hopeful for success. 他们开始做实验,相信一定会成功。
此句相当于:They started the experiment and they were hopeful for success.

She hurried up the steps, nervous and pale. 她勿忙走上台阶,神情紧张,脸色苍白。

Cold and hungry,the little girl kept crying.

饥寒交迫,那个小女孩不住地哭泣。

He got home late that night, hungry and tired.

那天晚上他很晚才回家,又饿又累。

He walked in the wind,cold and hungry. 他在风中走着,又冷又饿。(方式或伴随状语)

Scared and cold,the Time Traveller starts back towards the present. 又怕又冷,时光旅游者踏上了回到现在的旅程。

On my way home, I saw a middle-aged man lying by the roadside , blind drunk./ very drunk.

在我回家的途中,我看到一个中年男子躺在路边,烂醉如泥。

They broke into the bedroom and found the man lying on the floor,dead.

他们闯进卧室,发现那人躺在地板上,已经死了。

He was lying in bed, awake, listening to the rushing winds.

他躺在床上,醒着,听着狂风。


Your friend comes to school very upset. 你朋友忧心忡忡来到学校。(伴随状语)

6.作让步状语
Large or small, all countries are equal. 不论大小,所有国家都是平等的。
此句相当于:Whether they are large or small, all countries are equal.

Young in year, he is old in experience. 他虽然年轻,却很有经验。(让步状语)

Wet or fine,he took a walk in the park.

不管是晴天还是雨天,他那时总要去公园散散步。
7. 作结果状语
He sat down beside Christina, propping his feet up on the railing, feeling the warmth of the sun against his face, able to relax for the first time in days.
他在克里斯蒂安娜旁边坐下,把脚搁在栏杆上,感觉到温暖的阳光照在脸上,数十天来终于头一次能放松一下了。
此句相当于:He sat down beside Christina, propping his feet up on the railing, feeling the warmth of the sun against his face, and as a result he was able to relax for the first time in days.

He arrived home, hungry and tired. 他回到家里,又饿又累。

The dog fell down dead. 那只狗倒下死了。

We arrived home very late, safe and sound. 我们到家很晚,安然无恙。(结果状语)

8作整个句子的状语(即评注状语,就是对句子内容的品注)

More important, education must be in line with the requirements of our growing economy.
更重要的是教育事业必须同经济发展需求相适应。

Strange ,he should have done such a thing,

奇怪,他居然做了这样的一件事。

Most remarkable of all, he never suffers from nerves on the stage. 最了不起的是他从不怯场。

More important ,he’s got a steady work.

更重要的是,他得到了一个稳定的工作。

注意:

1. 有时形容词作状语还可以插入在主语后边,如:
The girl, amazed at the sight, didn"t know what to say. 那姑娘看到这景象后很惊讶,不知道说什么。

2. 形容词作状语也可以直接位于动词后,如:
Many poets died young. 许多诗人英年早逝。
He said nothing but sat silent smoking. 他什么话也没说,只是静静坐在那里抽着烟。

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